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The Congress of the Union has asked the Comisión Nacional de Seguridad (or National Security Commission / CNS) to come up with strong strategies that can help in the fight against illegal drug trading in Mexico. This includes online businesses whose payments are made via credit cards and delivered by drones and parcels.
The Congress of the Union has urged the CNS to set apart a scientific department for the fight against the drug trade on the darknet. The Mexican government is concerned that at least 15 types of synthetic drugs are on sale in the country and at alarming amounts because of the simplicity have buying and selling online.
The Permanent Commission says that the payment of these drugs is made via cards and cryptocurrencies and thus believes that the state can help bring it to a stop. According to the report, the large percentage of clients of these substances are young people between the ages of 17 and 32 years. The majority of these buyers do not have any criminal record either. Instead, they have basic computer skills and belong to the middle class.
The study also reveals that these users get their supply via the deep web. Some of the drugs consumed in the country include proscalin, mescaline, Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and others whose average price is about 130 to 200 pesos (8.50 euros) per pill.
Some of the most notorious states with large numbers of young people buying drugs on deep web marketplaces include Mexico City, State of Mexico, Nayarit, Puebla, Querétaro, Guanajuato, Oaxaca, Sinaloa and Quintana Roo. The survey from the Anti-Drug Division of the Federal Police’s indicates that the vast part of the merchandise is delivered by mail and drones which are controlled remotely.
Mexico and Caribbean countries lead the world in the most notorious rates of drug sales and abuse. Jamaica, for instance, is the world’s biggest seller of marijuana. It supplies mostly to the United States, and South America. According to the 2016 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR), the sale is promoted by the state of security in the respective countries. In Jamaica, for instance, the drugs are a means of exchange for ammunitions and firearms which are smuggled into the country by international criminals.
However, the INCSR attributed the sale of synthetic drugs to European and Asian countries only. In 2014, for instance, Germany was the leading exporter, followed by India, China, Poland and Singapore.
So far, the European Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) has listed over 700 types of drugs with over 400 of them listed as ‘new psychoactive substances’. A survey from mid-June shows that the New Psychoactive Substances (NPS) are the most abused and purchased from the clearnet. The study goes ahead to state that these drugs are found on almost every ‘shelf’ of the hidden marketplaces.
In 2017, we published a geographical analysis of drug trafficking on the darknet. It showed that English speaking users from the UK, US, Germany and the Netherlands dominated these marketplaces. It also proved that the majority of drugs being sold on the TOR websites are the new synthetic types that are most popular amongst buyers. The analysis revealed the novelty of such data in that it shed light on the domestic perspective of illegal sales.